Research on Emerging Infectious Diseases Shaping Policy for Human Challenge Trials Recent outbreaks of Ebola and Zika virus have exposed the dangers posed by emerging infectious diseases and the need for epidemic preparedness for potential future threats. In the Ebola epidemic, many questions arose about whether or not unproven interventions should be used outside of research, given the relatively high mortality for people infected with Ebola and the limited treatment and prevention options.
Announcements Perspectives Articles should not exceed 3, words in the main body of the text or include more than 50 references. Use of subheadings in the main body of the text is recommended.
Photographs and illustrations are encouraged. Provide a short abstract not to exceed wordsa 1-sentence summary of the conclusions, and a brief biographical sketch of first author or of both authors if only 2 authors.
Articles in this section should provide insightful analysis and commentary about new and reemerging infectious diseases and related issues.
Perspectives may also address factors known to influence the emergence of diseases, including microbial adaptation and change, human demographics and behavior, technology and industry, economic development and land use, international travel and commerce, and the breakdown of public health measures.
If detailed methods are included, a separate section on experimental procedures should immediately follow the body of the text. Synopses Articles should not exceed 3, words in the main body of the text or include more than 50 references.
Provide a short abstract not to exceed wordsa 1-line summary of the conclusions, and a brief biographical sketch of first author or of both authors if only 2 authors.
This section comprises case series papers and concise reviews of infectious diseases or closely related topics. Preference is given to reviews of new and emerging diseases; however, timely updates of other diseases or topics are also welcome.
Research Articles should not exceed 3, words in the main body of the text or include more than 50 references.
Use of subheadings in the main body of the text is recommended e. Report laboratory and epidemiologic results within a public health perspective.
Explain the value of the research in public health terms and place the findings in a larger perspective i. Articles describing mathematical, economic, or statistical studies have some additional restrictions because readers of Emerging Infectious Diseases may not necessarily have extensive training in these areas.
With the increase in submissions of these types of articles, we have developed the following editorial criteria to screen submitted papers.
Editorial criteria for mathematical, economic, and statistical papers Criterion Overall content Must provide information that our audience public health officials is likely to find of "immediate and practical" value.
Must reflect the realities of public health. In the main text, equations should be kept to a minimum, and those that are presented should preferably be written out in words rather than mathematical notation.
Mathematical, statistical, and economic jargon should be eliminated or used sparingly. In the main text, and in diagrams and tables associated with the main text, mathematical notation should be kept to a minimum. Technical aspects Where possible, mathematical, economic, and statistical articles should include a simple schematic diagram outlining the elements in the model s and how they are connected.
Models should contain detailed sensitivity analyses.
Univariate 1 variable at a time sensitivity analyses are generally considered inadequate. One goal of sensitivity analyses should be to define which inputs are, within the model, relatively most important.
All articles should contain sufficient description of the methods to allow independent replication of results by another researcher with suitable skills and interest. Figures should be as simple as possible. The use of color should be kept to a minimum. It is insufficient to only report p values as evidence of statistical significance.
Authors must also report some measure of dispersion e. For statistical models, a table of results should provide the results of all the variables used in the model, the statistical significance of each variable, and a measure of goodness-of-fit of the entire model.
Purely conceptual modeling papers, for example, are unlikely to be of immediate and practical value to our intended audience. Back to top Policy and Historical Reviews Articles should not exceed 3, words in the main body of the text or include more than 50 references.
Provide a short abstract not to exceed wordsa 1-line summary of the conclusions, and a brief biographical sketch of first author— or of both authors if only 2 authors.Special Issue "Emerging Infectious Disease (EID) Research, Management and Response" Climate Change and Emerging Infectious Disease.
Published Papers (9 papers) Download All Papers. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Infectious Disease (EID) Research. - The disease, botulism, which is caused by Clostridium botulinium, is an emerging infectious disease. Clostridium botulinium is a bacterium that produces a neurotoxin that causes botulism.
The bacterium is spore-forming, and anaerobic, meaning it does not need oxygen to grow. The National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) works to protect people at home and around the world from emerging and zoonotic infectious diseases. Vector-borne Disease Research in .
Based on lessons from previous outbreaks, organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recognize an urgent need for research to develop effective interventions for emerging infectious diseases. NIAID Biodefense Research NIAID Emerging Infectious Diseases/Pathogens.
management within the NIAID biodefense/EID mission and does not represent the complete scope of biodefense and emerging infectious . Emerging infectious diseases are infections that have recently appeared within a population or those whose incidence or geographic range is rapidly increasing or threatens to increase in the near future.
Emerging infections can be caused by: Research on Emerging Diseases.