Contact How to Write a Literature Review A literature review is a specific type of research paper that focuses on published literature on a given topic.
How to read and understand a scientific article. While I encourage you to go read the comments and contribute your own, here I want to focus on the much larger issue that this debate raised: Getting the science wrong has very real consequences.
But when you get proof, accept proof. Obviously everyone has a different answer to that question. But to form a truly educated opinion on a scientific subject, you need to become familiar with current research in that field. You might have tried to read scientific papers before and been frustrated by the dense, stilted writing and the unfamiliar jargon.
I remember feeling this way! Reading and understanding research papers is a skill which every single doctor and scientist has had to learn during graduate school. You can learn it too, but like any skill it takes patience and practice. I want to help people become more scientifically literate, so I wrote this guide for how a layperson can approach reading and understanding a scientific research paper.
Another useful type of publication is a review article. Remember that they are only a snapshot of the research at the time they are published. A review article on, say, genome-wide association studies from is not going to be very informative in So much research has been done in the intervening years that the field has changed considerably.
Reading a single paper may take you a very long time at first. Be patient with yourself. The process will go much faster as you gain experience.
Most primary research papers will be divided into the following sections: Before you begin reading, take note of the authors and their institutional affiliations.
University of Texas are well-respected; others e. Reputable biomedical journals will be indexed by Pubmed. Check out Web of Science for a more complete index of science journals. And please feel free to share other resources in the comments!
Scientific words have extremely precise meanings. Step-by-step instructions for reading a primary research article 1. Begin by reading the introduction, not the abstract.
The abstract is that dense first paragraph at the very beginning of a paper. Look closely for evidence of agenda-motivated research. Summarize the background in five sentences or less. Here are some questions to guide you: What are the limitations of that work?
What, according to the authors, needs to be done next? The five sentences part is a little arbitrary, but it forces you to be concise and really think about the context of this research.
You need to be able to explain why this research has been done in order to understand it. There may be multiple questions, or just one.
Not sure what a null hypothesis is? Go read thisthen go back to my last post and read one of the papers that I linked to like this one and try to identify the null hypotheses in it. Keep in mind that not every paper will test a null hypothesis. Now read the methods section. Draw a diagram for each experiment, showing exactly what the authors did.
I mean literally draw it.Apr 14, · The most popular types of content requested from custom-writing services are essays, research papers, and MA thesis. Students have an abundance of essays and research papers to write. Pearson Prentice Hall and our other respected imprints provide educational materials, technologies, assessments and related services across the secondary curriculum.
An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the. Step 2: Write the Methods. This section responds to the question of how the problem was studied.
If your paper is proposing a new method, you need to include detailed information so a knowledgeable reader can reproduce the experiment. Apr 06, · How do I write a scientific review research paper?
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