What is a personality disorder? These maybe some questions someone may ask.
My diagnosis is that Paul suffers from what contemporary psychiatry calls a "narcissistic personality disorder. Freud, who drew upon mythology to assist in his conceptual formulations of psychopathology, formally introduced the term narcissism into the psychiatric literature in his paper On Narcissism.
Freud, states that, "narcissism is a borderline concept that should be used as key to everything" p. The term received recognition within the early psychoanalytic intelligentsia and has been historically rooted in the psychoanalytic tradition.
Since Freud first introduced the term, it has been used to help explain disorders ranging from the mildly neurotic to the psychotic.
He believed that humans are "bad" and it does not have to do with the environment. He would have most likely agreed that it may start of in the unconscious and then somehow moves to the conscious when a child becomes fixed in a particular stage of his or her life.
Presently, the American Psychiatric Association uses the term to define a personality and outlines the diagnostic criteria for the narcissistic personality disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. To receive the diagnosis of a narcissistic personality disorder, a person must meet five of nine criteria: Paul case appears to be a prototypical meeting all nine criteria.
Amazingly, it seems that Willa Cather by instinct set forth the diagnostic criteria for a narcissistic personality disorder about ninety years before scientists reached a firm, empirically validated consensus.
Though not as physically striking--nor as outwardly arrogant--as Narcissus, Paul attracts attention and begs for analysis. The DSM-IV states that the essential features of a Narcissistic Personality Disorder are a pervasive pattern of grandiosity in fantasy or behaviorneed for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present a variety of contexts, as indicated by five or more of the following: Has a grandiose sense of self-importance e.
Achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements. Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love. Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people or institutions.
Requires excessive admiration, has a sense of entitlement, i. Is interpersonally exploitative, i. Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her.
Shows arrogant, haughty behavior or attitudes APA, The underlying web that holds the narcissistic personality together is a fragile self-esteem that craves constant attention, either real or imagined.Nov 14, · Find essays and research papers on Narcissistic personality disorder at leslutinsduphoenix.com We've helped millions of students since Join the world's largest study community.
Jul 26, · Narcissistic Essays (Examples) Filter results by: Narcissistic Personality Disorder Grade Course Individuals boasting about their looks, magnifying their social status and yearning the need of perfection might be considered as some examples of narcissism at a glance.
However, in order to diagnose someone with narcissistic personality. "Thesis Statement Personality Disorder" Essays and Research Papers Narcissistic Personality Disorder Oula Miqbel Abnormal psychology Dr.
Maloney May 1, According to the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical. Since everyone has a personality, but not everyone has a personality disorder, these disorders are considered a variant form of normal, healthy personality.
However, the most significant and defining feature of personality disorders is the negative effect these disorders have on interpersonal relationships. Nov 11, · Schizophrenia, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder Investigate 3 Illnesses Schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder, and borderline personality disorder are mental disorders usually diagnosed within patients that have problems with group dynamics.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Research Paper By Jonathan Ilunga Sonoma State University Abstract This paper will aim to define narcissistic personality disorder as a whole. The document will cover the topics of symptoms, prevalence, and .