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A beautiful, native birch, this tree should grace every garden. Mature trees have white bark that peels off in thin layers.
In fall, the leaves of paper birch reliably turn a cheerful yellow color.
This tree is especially attractive in clumps, which frequently occur in the wild, and can attain heights of Paper birch gives that touch of class and elegance to the native garden. Often seen in Native American themed paintings by Bev Doolittle, the white bark of the Paper Birch has long been a favorite subject for artists and gardeners alike.
The elegant Paper Birch positively catches your eye when you come upon the pure stands of snow white slender trees with long flowing branches. The supple, slender twigs slightly droop so that they drift with the wind. In the crowded forest, it is more common growing as a slender, narrow form but in the open the tree has an expansive crown that begins branching near the base of the trunk.
A fairly large tree, the birch reaches a height between 70 to feet and 14 to 24 inches in diameter. Paper birch trees for sale tree may grow with either a single or multi-stemmed trunk and smooth coppery brown or papery white bark patterned with dark, elongated horizontal pores called lenticels.
The marvelous white bark of mature trees peels off in thin sheets of waterproof paper. With an open setting the highly adaptable tree does well even in very harsh environments.
Paper Birch leaves suspend alternately off the long willowy twigs. The triangular to oval shaped leaves taper to sharp points and are approximately 2 to 4 inches in length. The dark green leaves are paler underneath —- look for the tufts of hairs found at intersections of veins on the underside of the leaf.
The separate male and female flowers are borne as pendulous catkins.
Apetalous having no petals catkins appear on the same tree in spring cascading from the tips of paper birch branchlets. The male catkins begin forming in the fall and become partially enlarged before growing dormant for the long months of winter.
Come spring the larger male catkins begin developing again, lengthening to 3 or 4 inches when mature. Female catkins appear in springtime along with the emergent foliage and mostly remain as erect spikes that reach about 1 inch in length.
The ripened brown cone-like fruit can be found anytime from late August to November. Each fruit strobilus has numerous scales sheathing the tiny winged seeds called nutlets. The rounded nutlet wings are taller and wider than the seed itself.
These teeny seeds are often carried off by the wind as soon as they ripen. The young coppery birch can easily be confused with Bitter Cherry Prunus emarginatabut a quick check of the leaves will determine the right species.
Cherry leaves are oblong in outline and have a bluntly tapered tip, while the Paper Birch leaf is more triangular in shape and has a sharp pointed tip.
This resilient species has evolved to flourish in cold climates. The ever-present tree grows all across Canada and southern Alaska as well as most northern states in the US.
You will find Paper Birch scattered among the forested slopes of mountain ranges from low valleys to subalpine copses.
In Canada, this beautiful birch is found in the flat boggy muskegs of boreal forests, and across its range it can persist in the saturated soils of swamps and other wetlands. Well-drained sandy soils are favored by the tree, but it tolerates a wide range of soil textures from gravel to silt as well as organic bog or peat soils.
In exposed areas the tree can form pure stands, but in the shade of a forest it will only be found in scattered openings. A pioneer species, the shade intolerant tree is one of the first colonizers of fire disturbed or clear-cut lands.
This avid re-seeder rapidly pervades severely disturbed lands. The thick stands provide cover and enrich the disturbed soil, which leads to the succession of new shade tolerant species.
There are many varieties of the Paper Birch species.
The tree is a genetically malleable species and hybridization between different varieties is quite common. Though, you will have to wait approximately 10 to 12 years before the bark becomes the tell-tale striking white color. Be careful where you plant this tree, its roots love to invade water pipes and sewer lines.The paper birch received its name from the nature of its bark.
Long ago, people would peel layers of the thin, paper-like bark and write on it as a way to send messages. More descriptive names include white birch and canoe birch—recalling its favor among Native Americans and early fur trappers as a resource for sleek, sturdy, and lightweight.
Paper Birch is a large, attractive deciduous tree. This fast-growing, cold hardy species has white papery bark that peels in layers, making it a beautiful ornamental or accent tree.
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Gallon Paper Birch Feature Tree (L) Image is of mature tree; shop your local Lowe's for trees specific to your growing zone; Not for human or animal consumption Enter your location for pricing and availability, click for more info.