Quotation marks for emphasis in legal writing and research

Abstract It is only recently that domestic violence has been considered a violation of the law. Although men have battered, abused and mistreated their wives or intimate partners for a long time, historically, wife or partner abuse has been viewed as a "normal" part of marriage or intimate relationships. This article surveys the history of domestic violence as a criminal offense, and the justice system response to woman battering incidents.

Quotation marks for emphasis in legal writing and research

Yet knowing when to use both italics and quotation marks is useful and important for writers. The cleaner the manuscript, the fewer problems it will be perceived to have.

To start off, I will point out that there is no need to underline anything in a novel manuscript. Underlining may be required for school or college writing projects or other purposes.

Without underlining, the choices are italics, quotation marks, and unmarked or plain text. Most words in your manuscript will be roman text—unchanged by italics—and, apart from dialogue, will not be enclosed by quotation marks. Yet sometimes writers are confused about italics and quotation marks, especially when dealing with named entities.

Simple names need only be capitalized—no other marks are necessary.

quotation marks for emphasis in legal writing and research

There are exceptions, of course. Capitalize names of people, places, and things. This means that Bob, Mr.

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Smith, Grandma Elliott, and Fido are capitalized but not italicized or put in quotation marks. But when a title is not used as a name—the president is young, the pastor can sing—no capitalization is required.

So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret used as a name is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.

Brand names and trademarks are typically capitalized, but some have unusual capitalizations iPad, eBay, TaylorMade, adidas. Refer to dictionaries and to company guidelines or Internet sources for correct capitalization and spelling. Note that home pages of websites may feature decorative text; look at pages with corporate details for correct information.

You may make a style decision and capitalize such words according to established rules, and that would be a valid decision. Yet a name is a name, and spelling or capitalizing it the way its creators intended may well be the better choice.

Items in the following categories need neither italics nor quotation marks unless italics or quotation marks are an intrinsic part of the title.

This is only a very short list, but most named nouns are treated similarly. Buick, Chevrolet car names: Riviera, Touareg, Camry restaurants: Genesis, Acts, the Gospel according to Matthew wars and battles: Coca-Cola, Amazon, Barclays, Nokia product names: Coke, Kleenex, Oreo shops: There is much more to capitalization, yet that topic requires an article or five of its own.

Look for such an article in the future. The Chicago Manual of Style has an in-depth chapter on capitalization; I recommend you search it for specifics. Think in terms of titles here, but typically titles of things and not people. One odd category included here is vehicles.

Punctuation Marks for Achieving Emphasis

Not brand names of vehicles but names of individual craft: But which titles get quotation marks and which get italics? This means a book title is italicized, and chapter titles but not chapter numbers are in quotation marks.

A TV show title is italicized, but episode titles are in quotation marks. An album or CD title is put in italics, but the song titles are in quotation marks. This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the manuscript.

Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles.

Quotation marks and italics are both also used for other purposes in fiction. For example, we typically use italics when we use a word as a word. My stylist always says rebound when he means rebond.

Note that the s making um plural is not italicized. Barring exceptions, items from the categories should be italicized or put in quotation marks, as indicated, in your stories.

Titles of specific types of works are italicized.Quotation marks are punctuation marks placed on both sides of a phrase or word so as to identify it to the reader as a quotation. Quotation marks symbol resembles double or single commas with the opening quotation marks being inverted double or single commas and the closing quotation marks being normal, double or single commas.

1. If you look at social science and humanities literature about interviewing and interpreting you will see that when you use quotations you have to use exactly what the people said to you.

For the most part, EPA follows the Associated Press (AP) Stylebook. Other requirements of basic punctuation and grammar and usage in EPA writing modify, supplement, or .

Finally, one of the most common proofreading errors I see is an open quotation mark without its closing partner. A former lawyer, Leslie A. Gordon is a freelance journalist living in San Francisco. She is the author of Cheer: A Novel, which is available on Amazon.

Heh, I only use quotation marks for emphasis on blogs and forums, because I am to lazy too highlight the text and click the "i" icon or insert the html code for italics.

And that points out the other use of quotation marks to make it clear that I am speaking about a specific symbol or operation. plagiarism Plagiarism is defined as quoting or paraphrasing text from another author without both (1) the indicia of a quotation and (2) a proper bibliographic citation.

Domestic Violence and the Criminal Justice System: An Overview