The earliest civilizations which influenced the development of western culture were those of Mesopotamia ; the area of the Tigris—Euphrates river systemlargely corresponding to modern-day Iraqnortheastern Syriasoutheastern Turkey and southwestern Iran: What we think of as Western thought today originates primarily from Greco-Roman and Germanic influences, and includes the ideals of the Middle Agesthe Renaissanceand the Enlightenmentas well as Christian culture. Alexander the Great In Homeric literature, and right up until the time of Alexander the Greatfor example in the accounts of the Persian Wars of Greeks against Persians by Herodotuswe see the paradigm of a contrast between the West and East.
The Draupner platforms play a key role in transporting gas from the North Sea to the European continent. But Ole Johan Aarnes, a wave researcher at the Norwegian Meteorological Institute in Bergen, says the absolute highest waves in the world are thought to be formed in the Atlantic Ocean, south of Iceland.
The wind creates the waves Strong winds are an important component in generating big waves. Measuring wave height When researchers measure wave height, they distinguish between two different things - "significant wave height" and the height of a single wave.
Wave height is measured as the distance from the top of a wave to the bottom before the next. Significant wave height is the average of the height of the 33 per cent highest waves over a period of 20 minutes. The size of the highest single waves can be twice the significant wave height.
If the significant wave height is measured at five metres, the individual waves included in the measurement can be up to ten metres high. Big wave hotspot south of Iceland "There have probably been a number of times when the significant wave height in the ocean south of Iceland has topped 20 metres over the last hundred years," Aarnes said.
But they can still be huge waves with a significant wave height of up to 17 metres, he said. The official world record for significant wave height was measured by a flood buoy in the sea north of Scotland 4 February The record is 19 metres.
Here, wave researchers believe that the significant wave height could be metres. Single waves in the North Sea can consequently be twice this height.
It is likely that there largest single waves in the world are found in the sea south of Iceland without them ever having been measured.
That wave was measured at A short movie clip on YouTube shows a reconstruction of the giant wave that hit Draupner. The video is from a BBC documentary but has a German narrator.
But these waves are never measured. He says that North Sea oil and gas installations have made it much easier to study big waves.
Installations that are anchored in the seabed are a prerequisite for being able to tell for sure how high a wave is. Monster Waves Extreme waves - or monster waves — are now getting more and more attention.
They can be very dangerous for shipping and for other marine activities.
Researchers define a freak wave as a wave that is at least 2. Freak waves hard to predict "There are several theories as to how freak waves are formed," says Aarnes at the Meteorological Institute in Bergen.
Also, ocean currents and ocean conditions can help create freak waves. Wave scientists and mathematicians use supercomputers to figure out how this happens. But there is simply a lot of randomness that goes into creating a freak wave. Want to read more about big wave formation?THE FREE WORLD BANK - A High Level Description of a NEW FREE and REAL TIME ONLINE CENTRAL BANK that Uses Virtual Currency.
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